European Career Counselling MH NEETs Toolkit

An easy-to-use quide with all the information and tools necessary to enhance work integration

Coming soon…


Rationale of focus groups
The use of focus groups was chosen in order to gather data concerning the target groups’ beliefs, opinions, perceptions, attitudes and feelings in more depth. Focus groups were an extremely valuable tool to investigate the needs of the four WORK4PSY project target groups. The data that was collected were useful in the formation and context of the toolkit.

Research questions / main themes
The starting point of the focus groups’ thematic was the results of the literature review as well as the partners’ expertise. The questions/ themes were designed to: (a) investigate the topics that WORK4PSY focuses on and provide concrete data, (b) be sufficiently stimulating, (c) be relevant to the participants, and (d) be open, so as to lead to in-depth responses and rich data. As pertaining to the above the four themes that were deemed relevant were:

Significance of work and career in general
• Existing career services
• Difficulties that they face
• Assistance they need


A synthesis was performed in these analyses and the results are summarized as follows for each main theme:

The significance of work and career in general is summarised in these main themes:

  • Work is seen as an important element of MH NEETs’ psychosocial rehabilitation
  • Work is viewed a means for recovery and self-development
  • Work has a tangible (autonomy, security, structure) and intangible (existential merits) value

The main themes that emerged for the issue of existing career services were:

  • There are enough organisations that offer support and have adequate funding, but the system is too complicated, young people are not informed of the services offered and there is lack of networking and cooperation
  • There is a limited number of organisations that offer support, limited information about them, lack of orientation and early interventions
  • Stigma and lack of awareness is an obstacle to using services supporting the process of work integration

The difficulties that the target groups reported that they face can be mainly summarized in four issues:

  • Stigma and lack of awareness
  • Labour market and organizational problems
  • Specific needs of MH NEETs not met
  • Lack of early interventions

The assistance needed may be summarized in three dimensions:

  • Systemic and institutional changes that need to be promoted
  • Proactive and early interventions that need to be established
  • A shift in paradigm towards a capabilities approach

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